Difference between revisions of "Cities Skylines: Mars"

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(Simulating Mars Environment)
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== Preparations ==
 
== Preparations ==
 
=== Rosaviakosmos Developments ===
 
=== Rosaviakosmos Developments ===
 +
In 2034, the Russian space agency, Roskosmos has merged with another government-owned Russian company, the United Aircraft Corporation, forming [[Rosaviakosmos]]. Less then a year following the merger, Rosaviakosmos was privatized due to financial reasons. Soon after, the company began searching for new directions it could develop itself, in order to become financially viable again. True turnaround came in 2040, when WOK Industries requested a study be made into the possibility of cheap interplanetary travel for future colonization efforts.
 
==== Development of Skyhook ====
 
==== Development of Skyhook ====
==== Nuclear Propulsion ====
+
Several concepts of large volume interplanetary travel were presented to WOK Industries, including the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skyhook_(structure) Skyhook], which was ultimately chosen as the best option available. Although the concept seemed outlandish to many, Rosaviakosmos engineers delivered a concept study to WOK Industries mere three weeks later, with the project name РоМeTC (Pоссийская Mежпланетная Tранспортная Cистема). RoMeTC would have a skyhook placed in Low Earth Orbit, a satellite with a counterweight and a tether that would reach down to upper atmosphere to grab spacecraft and throw them out of Earth's sphere of influence. Reluctantly, WOK accepted the somewhat nationalist name, which later become the symbol of the next two decades. It was decided to establish one Skyhook on earth reaching into low earth orbit, and another on Mars, which would be connected to the closer of its moons, Phobos.
 +
 
 +
Development of Graphene fiber composites allowed for the construction to begin almost immediately. First tests were made later that year, where the tethers were thoroughly tested on ground in a series of tension tests. Two years later, in 2042, the first satellite with a tether system was sent into the orbit. The test was a failure, and the tether broke when the satellite control system hit gimbal lock and tumbled into the atmosphere, burning up. Multiple experiments were performed, in total 12 satellites were launched, until 2047, when the actual Skyhook was launched into orbit. The mission was a partial success, the drag was much larger than expected due to unforeseen aerodynamic effects. This was resolved with an attachment, launched two months later, which included a powerful ion engine and two large xenon tanks, capable of balancing out the drag on the satellite.
 +
 
 +
==== Development of Nuclear Propulsion ====
 +
While working on the Skyhook, it was clear that it alone could not deliver payloads to Mars at all times. With the changing relative positions of the two planets, the spacecraft needed to either accelerate or decelerate after leaving Earth's sphere of influence, while keeping in mind strict weight limits. Every gram of fuel was accounted for, as it meant that less payload, less personnel and or supplies, could be delivered to Mars. Known for its extremely high specific impulse (but also dubious environmental effects), nuclear propulsion was chosen to deliver the necessary DeltaV. All associated research was completed in the State Central Navy Testing Range near Nyonoksa, a site familiar with similar projects. It took only four years from the first prototypes to complete, self-sufficient nuclear rocket engines. The engines were first tested on an old TU-160 strategic bomber, and later launched to be tested in High Earth Orbit. Following successful tests in both environments, Rosaviakosmos developed a series of 14 shuttle craft equipped with these engines by the end of 2048.
  
 
=== Dome Habitat Experiments ===
 
=== Dome Habitat Experiments ===
 +
Having found a contractor for the development of the inter-planetary supply chain to Mars, WOK Industries was finalizing its colony design. Together with WOK Industries, several international corporations have dedicated themselves to the project, such as the South African Vapour Fibre, Mexican Roca Roja Incorporated, Japanese Happīrokku, but also the Chinese corporation Hóngxīng Technologies. Each was given a respective role in the colony design, according to their specialization, such as water treatment, software solutions, mining operations, etc.
 +
 +
The design of the colony was rather straightforward. Rather than terraforming the entire planet, a colossal dome of steel and composite glass would be built over a suitable crater and allowing for a manageable environment. The crater would provide several benefits, namely, easy access to the different ores found on Mars. However, this design was only simple in theory, but not in practice, hence WOK Industries decided to build a series of domes on Earth first, in varying environments, from Oceania to Siberia. In total, there would be 19 scaled down Domes constructed on Earth before the first began construction on Mars in 2055.
 +
 
==== Simulating Mars Environment ====
 
==== Simulating Mars Environment ====
 +
The environment of Mars is challenging to say the least. Temperatures range from 293K to 120K, the atmosphere is nearly negligible, unable to shield the surface from UV radiation. There is nearly no noticeable magnetic field on Mars, due to a stationary core, far colder than that of Earth. While most of the testing domes were placed in normal conditions, four were placed  in the coldest locations available, in Alaska and Siberia. These domes were testing systems of air filtration, water purification, recycling, oxygen production, systems not directly exposed to the outer elements. Two extra domes were constructed with another dome around them, to test the true conditions of Mars. The outer dome sealed off the Earth environment, and maintained a near-vacuum with the second, inner dome, with a temperature varying around 200K.
 +
 
==== Dome X12 Air Circulation Failure ====
 
==== Dome X12 Air Circulation Failure ====
 
==== Remote Construction Trials ====
 
==== Remote Construction Trials ====
Line 49: Line 61:
  
 
== Interplanetary Travel ==
 
== Interplanetary Travel ==
 +
=== Problematic of Interplanetary Travel ===
 
=== Skyhook ===
 
=== Skyhook ===
 
==== Earth Skyhook System ====
 
==== Earth Skyhook System ====

Revision as of 19:04, 1 August 2020

Cities Skylines: Mars
Youtube Series
Icon External Link.svg
Cities Skylines: Mars.
Characteristics
Author Citywokcitywall
YouTube link Cities Skylines: Mars Cities Skylines: Mars
Language English
Disambiguation  This is an article about the lore behind the project by Citywokcitywall. For an overview of the associated YouTube series, see Cities Skylines: Mars (series).

Project Mars is the name of Mars colonization efforts commenced and maintained by WOK Industries. It was the first major extra-terrestrial settlement project, succeeding in maintaining a fixed presence on Mars as early as 2051, growing throughout the next two decades into a complex system of mining colonies, habitation domes, and dozens of smaller outposts. Marketed as a Utopia for modern man, Mars has opened up a whole new opportunity for revenue streams. WOK Industries, being it's major shareholder and investor, offers affordable transportation for selected citizens from Earth to the red planet, which many see as the only possible escape from Earth ravaged by the climate change and associated societal effects.

Background

World in Crisis

With a population of 11 billion and a nearly exhausted reserves of fossils fuels, never mind the ever worsening climate, the world seemed to be headed towards disaster. Decades of poor decisions, simple-minded and shortsighted politics, have left the Earth of 2030 unprepared for what was always going to happen.

Global Economic and Climate Collapse

The year 2036 brought the first truly world changing climate events. Because of flooding, hurricanes/cyclones, and incredibly intense heat waves and droughts the majority of third world countries were completely decimated and often suffered heavy casualties, ranging into the millions over time. First world countries fared slightly better, as they had advanced technology and infrastructure in place to protect them from a slow descent into hell. After the initial shock of the Earth's environment changing, food became a large problem, as with the droughts, heat waves, and flooding, many crops and livestock had been killed off, crippling the majority of food production. The first obvious result was an immediate economic recession. As prices soared and incomes became irrelevant, many less developed regions of the world have attempted to switch to a simpler but less volatile system of bartering, sometimes successfully.

Riots and Radicalization

Soon after, civil unrest began to grow among all classes of all nationalities around the world. Protests began to break out across the world like wildfires, be it because of the dire financial situation, natural disasters, or lack of food and other supplies. Instead of uniting people, these riots further stratified the society, with the generous help of social and mass media. Over the following months, societies separated and radicalized in any political direction that promised to solve the issues everyone was facing. Populists took power on promises of instant remedies, solving nothing but pushing radicals even further. Many nations at this time decided to shut their borders, international cooperation was halted out of fear of competition for resources. Dozens of small and several large military conflicts broke out in the regions of the middle east, Siberia, as well as Central and South America. Authoritarian nations such as China and North Korea held the nations in tight control, managing to maintain some control and order, but bleeding thousands of lives in the background every day due to starvation, pollution, and other related causes. The richest of countries revisited cold war doomsday scenarios, with the richest searching for an escape from the society's problems. Extra-terrestrial colonization came back as an alternative that many considered outlandish, except for one corporation.

Corporations Rise to the Occasion

With the rising social tension, many governments which promised quick solutions began outsourcing various tasks to expensive but far more effective corporations. One of these corporations was WOK Industries, which started out as (TBA), but soon grew to become the largest subcontractor of the CCP. Witnessing its ruthless efficiency in delivering security services, healthcare, but also infrastructural solutions, foreign nations began to reach out to WOK Industries, which soon established itself in more than fifty major countries, including twelve states of the USA. These corporations soon became economically larger subjects than many small nations, maintaining control over large regions in different countries both in administration and militarily.

Extra-Terrestrial Colonization Concepts

Seeing the current conditions on the Earth, many of the Earth's wealthiest individuals and groups were seeking alternatives to the volatile, prone to revolt city centers of first world countries. Secluded locations deep within uninhabited territories were torn up my mother nature and weren't viable anymore. Living in bunker-like homes was the path many took, but no one chose, hence the search was diverted elsewhere.

First mentions of possible private colonization efforts outside of the Earth appeared in the early 2040s. Humans first looked towards Moon, for its relative proximity to Earth, which meant it was much easier to transport materials to it than to other planets. The other two alternatives were Venus and Mars, for their atmospheric and orbital properties, respectively. WOK Industries finally dedicated itself in creating a colony on one of the three bodies.

Moon Colonization

Moon was considered first and the simplest alternative to living on Earth. Although it does not have an atmosphere, it is the closest celestial body, meaning that to shuttle personnel and supplies to its surface is less costly than to any other planet. The travel time is also much shorter, measured in only days compared to months that it takes to reach Mars and or Venus. The idea was eventually discarded, since although it was close, it was limited in resources, and most importantly, it lacked water.

Venus Colonization

Venus was the second option considered for colonization, in a manner previously unseen. Instead of establishing a base on the surface of the planet, a floating colony was suggested. This was the most plausible solution, due to the extremely hostile conditions on the surface of Venus. Although there is water in the atmosphere, the project was considered far too technologically advanced to be considered for a large colony.

Mars Colonization

Mars was the third and the most serious candidate for colonization. It has water reserves under its surface, it has ore deposits, and martian regolith is suitable for construction of living structures, as well as industrial tools and systems. However, Mars doesn't have a magnetic field, exposing the surface to deadly solar and space radiation, and its atmosphere is near negligible. None the less, Mars was selected as the most suitable planet for colonization, and the preparations commenced.

Preparations

Rosaviakosmos Developments

In 2034, the Russian space agency, Roskosmos has merged with another government-owned Russian company, the United Aircraft Corporation, forming Rosaviakosmos. Less then a year following the merger, Rosaviakosmos was privatized due to financial reasons. Soon after, the company began searching for new directions it could develop itself, in order to become financially viable again. True turnaround came in 2040, when WOK Industries requested a study be made into the possibility of cheap interplanetary travel for future colonization efforts.

Development of Skyhook

Several concepts of large volume interplanetary travel were presented to WOK Industries, including the Skyhook, which was ultimately chosen as the best option available. Although the concept seemed outlandish to many, Rosaviakosmos engineers delivered a concept study to WOK Industries mere three weeks later, with the project name РоМeTC (Pоссийская Mежпланетная Tранспортная Cистема). RoMeTC would have a skyhook placed in Low Earth Orbit, a satellite with a counterweight and a tether that would reach down to upper atmosphere to grab spacecraft and throw them out of Earth's sphere of influence. Reluctantly, WOK accepted the somewhat nationalist name, which later become the symbol of the next two decades. It was decided to establish one Skyhook on earth reaching into low earth orbit, and another on Mars, which would be connected to the closer of its moons, Phobos.

Development of Graphene fiber composites allowed for the construction to begin almost immediately. First tests were made later that year, where the tethers were thoroughly tested on ground in a series of tension tests. Two years later, in 2042, the first satellite with a tether system was sent into the orbit. The test was a failure, and the tether broke when the satellite control system hit gimbal lock and tumbled into the atmosphere, burning up. Multiple experiments were performed, in total 12 satellites were launched, until 2047, when the actual Skyhook was launched into orbit. The mission was a partial success, the drag was much larger than expected due to unforeseen aerodynamic effects. This was resolved with an attachment, launched two months later, which included a powerful ion engine and two large xenon tanks, capable of balancing out the drag on the satellite.

Development of Nuclear Propulsion

While working on the Skyhook, it was clear that it alone could not deliver payloads to Mars at all times. With the changing relative positions of the two planets, the spacecraft needed to either accelerate or decelerate after leaving Earth's sphere of influence, while keeping in mind strict weight limits. Every gram of fuel was accounted for, as it meant that less payload, less personnel and or supplies, could be delivered to Mars. Known for its extremely high specific impulse (but also dubious environmental effects), nuclear propulsion was chosen to deliver the necessary DeltaV. All associated research was completed in the State Central Navy Testing Range near Nyonoksa, a site familiar with similar projects. It took only four years from the first prototypes to complete, self-sufficient nuclear rocket engines. The engines were first tested on an old TU-160 strategic bomber, and later launched to be tested in High Earth Orbit. Following successful tests in both environments, Rosaviakosmos developed a series of 14 shuttle craft equipped with these engines by the end of 2048.

Dome Habitat Experiments

Having found a contractor for the development of the inter-planetary supply chain to Mars, WOK Industries was finalizing its colony design. Together with WOK Industries, several international corporations have dedicated themselves to the project, such as the South African Vapour Fibre, Mexican Roca Roja Incorporated, Japanese Happīrokku, but also the Chinese corporation Hóngxīng Technologies. Each was given a respective role in the colony design, according to their specialization, such as water treatment, software solutions, mining operations, etc.

The design of the colony was rather straightforward. Rather than terraforming the entire planet, a colossal dome of steel and composite glass would be built over a suitable crater and allowing for a manageable environment. The crater would provide several benefits, namely, easy access to the different ores found on Mars. However, this design was only simple in theory, but not in practice, hence WOK Industries decided to build a series of domes on Earth first, in varying environments, from Oceania to Siberia. In total, there would be 19 scaled down Domes constructed on Earth before the first began construction on Mars in 2055.

Simulating Mars Environment

The environment of Mars is challenging to say the least. Temperatures range from 293K to 120K, the atmosphere is nearly negligible, unable to shield the surface from UV radiation. There is nearly no noticeable magnetic field on Mars, due to a stationary core, far colder than that of Earth. While most of the testing domes were placed in normal conditions, four were placed in the coldest locations available, in Alaska and Siberia. These domes were testing systems of air filtration, water purification, recycling, oxygen production, systems not directly exposed to the outer elements. Two extra domes were constructed with another dome around them, to test the true conditions of Mars. The outer dome sealed off the Earth environment, and maintained a near-vacuum with the second, inner dome, with a temperature varying around 200K.

Dome X12 Air Circulation Failure

Remote Construction Trials

Program Propagation and Commercialization

Interplanetary Travel

Problematic of Interplanetary Travel

Skyhook

Earth Skyhook System

Mars-Phobos Skyhook System

Spacecraft and Launchers

Nuclear Propulsion

Methane Production

Domes and Stations

Design and Construction

First Dome

List of Domes

insert domes, TBA

Colony Politics

Administration

Policing and Services

Legacy

Colonization of Venus